Reading 84/341, 1 Samuel 28-31

[A] Today we finish 1 Samuel, which is really more about Saul. The next book, 2 Samuel (which Samuel never appears in) is all about David.
[B] The vision of Samuel from beyond the dead today is the only glimpse we have of someone dead coming back to speak to the living. Saul, out of respect for the law that forbid this, had kicked out the mediums from Israel, but now he goes to one himself. It is interesting that it is treated as a regular thing, that someone could speak to the dead.
[C] David is being very tricky today. Achish makes him come fight the Israelites, and David goes out with him, clearly to betray him. Every sentence he says has a double meaning.

...1 Samuel

It happened in those days that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. Achish said to David, “Know assuredly, that you shall go out with me in the army, you and your men.” David said to Achish, “Very well. Then you will know what your servant can do.” Achish said to David, “Very welI. I will make you my headguard forever.” Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, in his own city. Saul had put out the mediums and the necromancers from the land. The Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and encamped in Shunem, and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they encamped in Gilboa. When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly. When Saul inquired of the Lord, the Lord did not answer him, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets. Then Saul said to his servants, “Seek for me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her, and inquire of her.” His servants said to him, “Behold, there is a woman who is a medium at Endor.” Saul disguised himself, and put on other clothing, and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night, and he said, “Please divine for me by a spirit, and bring up for me whoever I shall name to you.” The woman said to him, “Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off the mediums and the necromancers out of the land. Why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die?” Saul swore to her by the Lord, saying, “As the Lord lives, there shall be no punishment for you for this thing.” Then the woman said, “Whom shall I bring up for you?” He said, “Bring up for me, Samuel.” When the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice, and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, “Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul.”

The king said to her, “Do not be afraid. What do you see?” The woman said to Saul, “I see a god coming up out of the earth.” He said to her, “What form does he have?” She said, “An old man comes up, and he is covered with a robe.” Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground, and paid homage. Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me, to bring me up?” Saul answered, “I am sore distressed, for the Philistines make war against me, and God has departed from me, and answers me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams, therefore I have called you, that you may make known to me what I shall do.” Samuel said, “Why then do you ask of me, seeing as the Lord has departed from you, and has become your adversary? The Lord has done to you, as he spoke by me, for the Lord has torn the kingdom out of your hand, and given it to your neighbor, David. Because you did not obey the voice of the Lord, and did not execute his fierce wrath on Amalek, therefore the Lord has done this thing to you today. Moreover, the Lord will also deliver Israel with you into the hand of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with me. The Lord will deliver the army of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.” Then Saul fell immediately, full length on the earth, and was very afraid, because of the words of Samuel, and there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no bread all day, nor all night. The woman came to Saul, and saw that he was seriously troubled, and said to him, “Behold, your handmaid has listened to your voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have listened to your words which you spoke to me. Now therefore, please listen also to the voice of your handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before you, and eat, that you may have strength, when you go on your way.” But he refused, and said, “I will not eat.” But his servants, together with the woman, constrained him, and he listened to their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat on the bed. The woman had a fattened calf in the house, and she hurried, and killed it, and she took flour, and kneaded it, and baked unleavened bread of it, and she brought it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they rose up, and went away that night.

Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek, and the Israelites encamped by the spring which is in Jezreel. The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands, and David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish. Then the princes of the Philistines said, “What are these Hebrews doing here?” Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, “Is this not David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me these days, indeed these years, and I have found no fault in him since he deserted to me until this day?” But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him, and the princes of the Philistines said to him, “Make the man return, that he may go back to his place where you have appointed him, and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become an adversary to us. How better could this fellow reconcile himself to his lord? Would it not be with the heads of these men? Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, ‘Saul has slain his thousands, David his ten thousands?’” Then Achish called David, and said to him, “As the Lord lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight, for I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me to this day, nevertheless the lords do not approve of you. Therefore now return, and go in peace, lest you displease the lords of the Philistines.” David said to Achish, “But what have I done? And what have you found in your servant so long as I have been before you until today, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?” Achish answered David, “I know that you are good in my sight, as an angel of God. Nevertheless, the princes of the Philistines have said, ‘He shall not go up with us to the battle.’” Therefore now rise up early in the morning with the servants of your lord who have come with you, and as soon as you are up early in the morning, and have light, depart.” So David rose up early, he and his men, to depart in the morning, to return to the land of the Philistines. The Philistines went up to Jezreel.

It happened, when David and his men had come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had made a raid on the Negeb, and on Ziklag, and had struck Ziklag, and burned it with fire, and had taken captive the women and all who were in it, both small and great. They did not kill any, but carried them off, and went their way. When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire, and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captive. Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. David's two wives were taken captive: Ahinoam the Jezreelite, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters, but David strengthened himself in the Lord his God. David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Please bring the ephod here to me.” Abiathar brought there the ephod to David. David inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I pursue after this band? Shall I overtake them?” He answered him, “Pursue, for you shall surely overtake, and shall without fail recover all. So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those who were left behind stayed. But David pursued, he and four hundred men, for two hundred stayed behind, who were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor. They found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he ate, and they gave him water to drink. They gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins, and when he had eaten, his spirit returned to him, for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights. David said to him, “To whom do you belong? Where are you from?” He said, “I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite, and my master left me behind, because three days ago I fell sick. We made a raid on the Negeb of the Cherethites, and on what belongs to Judah, and on the Negeb of Caleb, and we burned Ziklag with fire.” David said to him, “Will you bring me down to this band?” He said, “Swear to me by God, that you will not kill me nor deliver me up into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this band.” When he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad over all the ground, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. David struck them from the twilight to the evening of the next day, and not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men, who rode on camels and fled. David recovered all that the Amalekites had taken, and David rescued his two wives. There was nothing missing, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, nor spoil, nor anything that they had taken with them. David brought back all.

David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drove before the other livestock, and said, “This is David's spoil.” David came to the two hundred men, who were so faint that they could not follow David, who had been left at the brook Besor, and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people who were with him, and when David came near to the people, he greeted them. Then all the wicked men and worthless fellows, of those who went with David, said, “Because they did not go with us, we will not give them anything of the spoil that we have recovered, except that every man may lead away his wife and his children and depart.” Then said David, “You shall not do so, my brothers, with this that the Lord has given to us. He has preserved us, and delivered the band that came against us into our hand. Who will listen to you in this matter? For as his share is who goes down to the battle, so shall his share be who stays by the baggage, they shall share alike.” It was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day. When David came to Ziklag, he sent part of the spoil to the elders of Judah, his friends, saying, “Behold, a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the Lord.” To those who were in Bethel, and to those who were in Ramoth of the Negeb, and to those who were in Jattir, and to those who were in Aroer, and to those who were in Siphmoth, and to those who were in Eshtemoa, and to those who were in Racal, and to those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to those who were in the cities of the Kenites, and to those who were in Hormah, and to those who were in Borashan, and to those who were in Athach, and to those who were in Hebron, and to all the places where David and his men used to stay.

Now the Philistines fought against Israel, and the men of Israel fled before the Philistines, and fell down slain on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines followed hard on Saul and his sons, and the Philistines killed Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul. The battle went badly against Saul, and the archers overtook him, and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers. Then Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me.” But his armor bearer would not, for he was very afraid. Therefore Saul took his own sword, and fell on it. When his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he likewise fell on his sword, and died with him. So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armor bearer, and all his men, that same day, together. When the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, and those who were beyond the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned the cities, and fled, and the Philistines came and lived in them. It happened on the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. They cut off his head, and stripped off his armor, and sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines, to carry the news to the house of their idols, and to the people. They put his armor in the house of Ashtaroth, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan. When the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose, and went at night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and they came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. They took their bones, and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

No comments:

Post a Comment

In order to comment, you first must "Join this Site" using the blue button on the left side of the page.