Reading 18/341, Exodus 10-12

The Lord sends two more plagues: locusts and darkness. Then the Lord sends the angel of death to kill the first born of all the Egyptians. On that night, the Israelites take a lamb, kill it, spread its blood on their doorway, eat its flesh roasted, they also eat unleavened bread for seven days. The angel of death passes over their houses, but the Egyptians mourn. The Egyptians send the Israelites away with gifts.
The last three plagues including the Passover. The lamb of the Passover is a type of Jesus: killed so that others may live, not a bone is broken, the people are marked with its blood, etc.


The Lord said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart, and the hearts of his servants, that I may show these, my signs among them, that you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your son's son how harshly I dealt with the Egyptians and my signs which I have done among them, that you may know that I am the Lord." Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, "This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: 'How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, that they may serve me. Or else, if you refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your country, and they shall cover the surface of the earth, so that one will not be able to see the earth. They shall eat the remnant which escaped the hail and remains to you and shall eat every tree which grows for you out of the field. Your houses shall be filled, and the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians, as neither your fathers nor your fathers' fathers have seen, since the day that they were on the earth to this day.'" He turned, and went out from Pharaoh.

Pharaoh's servants said to him, "How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the Lord, their God. Do you not yet understand that Egypt is destroyed?" Moses and Aaron were brought again to Pharaoh, and he said to them, "Go, serve the Lord your God, but who will go?" Moses said, "We will go with our young and with our old, with our sons and with our daughters, with our flocks and with our herds we will go, for we must hold a feast to the Lord." He said to them, "The Lord be with you if I ever let you go with your little ones! See, evil is clearly before your faces. Not so! Go now you men and serve the Lord, for that is what you desire!" They were driven out from Pharaoh's presence.

The Lord said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt and eat every herb of the land, everything that the hail has left." Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind on the land all that day and all the night, and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested in all the borders of Egypt. They were very grievous. Before them there were no such locusts, nor after them shall there be any like them. For they covered the surface of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened, and they ate every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. There remained nothing green, neither tree nor herb of the field, through all the land of Egypt. Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste, and he said, "I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you. Now therefore please forgive my sin again and pray to the Lord your God, that he may also take away from me this death." He went out from Pharaoh, and prayed to the Lord. The Lord turned an exceeding strong west wind, which took up the locusts, and drove them into the Red Sea. There remained not one locust in all the borders of Egypt. But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.

The Lord said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward the sky, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt." Moses stretched forth his hand toward the sky, and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings. Pharaoh called to Moses, and said, "Go, serve the Lord. Only let your flocks and your herds stay behind. Let your little ones also go with you." Moses said, "You must also give into our hand sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God. Our livestock also shall go with us. There shall not be a hoof left behind, for from it we must take to serve the Lord our God, and we do not know with what we must serve the Lord until we come there." But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go. Pharaoh said to him, "Get away from me! Be careful to see my face no more, for in the day you see my face you shall die!" Moses said, "You have spoken well. I will see your face again no more.”

The Lord said to Moses, "Yet one plague more will I bring on Pharaoh and on Egypt; afterward he will let you go. When he lets you go, he will even thrust you out altogether. Speak now in the ears of the people, and let them ask every man of his neighbor and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver and jewels of gold.” The Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants and in the sight of the people. Moses said, "This is what the Lord says: 'About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the mill and all the firstborn of livestock. There shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has not been nor shall be anymore. But against any of the children of Israel a dog will not even bark or move its tongue, against man or animal, that you may know that the Lord makes a distinction between the Egyptians and Israel. All these your servants shall come down to me and bow themselves down to me, saying, "Get out, with all the people who follow you", and after that I will go out.'" He went out from Pharaoh in hot anger. The Lord said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt." Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, and the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, "This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, 'On the tenth day of this month, every man shall take a lamb, according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household, and if the household be too little for a lamb, then he and his next-door-neighbor shall take one according to the number of the souls, according to what everyone can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a year old male. You shall take it from the sheep or from the goats, and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at evening. They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they shall eat it. They shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted over fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs. Do not eat it raw, nor boiled with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts. You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. This is how you shall eat it: with your waist girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand, and you shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord's Passover. For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night and strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal. Against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord. The blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall be no plague on you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

This day shall be for you a memorial, and you shall keep it a feast to the Lord: throughout your generations you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance forever. "'Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; the first day you shall get all yeast out of your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. On the first day there shall be for you a holy convocation, and on the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done on them, except to prepare what everyone must eat, that only may be done by you. You shall observe the feast of unleavened bread, for on this very day I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt, therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance forever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty first day of the month at evening. Seven days there shall be no yeast found in your houses, for whoever eats what is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, be he a foreigner or one born in the land. You shall eat nothing leavened. In all your habitations you shall eat unleavened bread.'"

Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Select and take lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover. You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin, and none of you shall go out of the door of their house until morning. For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you. You shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons forever. It shall happen when you have come to the land which the Lord will give you, as he has promised, that you shall keep this service. It will happen, when your children ask you, 'What do you mean by this service?' that you shall say, 'It is the sacrifice of the Lord's Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and spared our houses.'" The people bowed their heads and worshiped. The children of Israel went and did so; as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

It happened at midnight that the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock. Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead. He called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise up, get out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel, and go, serve the Lord, as you have said! Take both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!" The Egyptians were urgent with the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, "We are all dead men." The people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. The children of Israel did according to the word of Moses, and they asked of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and clothing. The Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they despoiled the Egyptians.

The children of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot, men, besides women and children. A mixed multitude went up also with them, with flocks, herds, and even a lot of livestock. They baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared for themselves any food. Now the time that the children of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years. It happened at the end of four hundred thirty years, on the very day, it happened that all the armies of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. It is a night to be greatly observed unto the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt. This is that night of the Lord, to be greatly observed by all the children of Israel throughout their generations.

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat of it, but every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, he shall eat of it. A foreigner or a hired servant shall not eat of it. In one house shall it be eaten; you shall not carry any of the meat out of the house, nor shall you break a bone of it. All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. When a stranger lives as a foreigner with you, and wants to keep the Passover of the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it, and he shall be as one who is born in the land, but no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. One law shall be for him who is born at home, and for the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you." Thus did all the children of Israel do. As the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. It happened the same day, that the Lord brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.

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