Reading 22/341, Exodus 23-26


Yesterday I left some old dates in the notes, from a year when we started cover to cover in the fall. The law is not going to last until the end of October but until the end of February.
[A] Many of these readings of the law are going to be a little longer than the average reading. This is because these readings are repetitive and should go more quickly, unless you really try to figure them out.
[B] We are going to see a lot of the cubit. It is about 18 inches, from the elbow to the hand.
[C] The tabernacle, the special tent where God dwells among his people, is a type of Christ. The ark of the covenant, the special box that holds the presence of God, is a type of Mary.

...Exodus...

“You shall not spread a false report. Do not join your hand with the wicked to be a malicious witness. You shall not follow a crowd to do evil. You shall neither testify in court to side with a multitude to pervert justice, nor shall you favor a poor man in his cause. If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again. If you see the donkey of him who hates you fallen down under his burden, do not leave him, you shall surely help him with it. You shall not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits. Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent and righteous: for I will not justify the wicked. You shall take no bribe, for a bribe blinds those who have sight and perverts the words of the righteous. You shall not oppress an alien, for you know the heart of an alien, seeing you were aliens in the land of Egypt. For six years you shall sow your land and shall gather in its increase, but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat, and what they leave the animal of the field shall eat. In like manner you shall deal with your vineyard and with your olive grove. Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest, that your ox and your donkey may have rest, and the son of your handmaid, and the alien may be refreshed. Be careful to do all things that I have said to you, and do not invoke the name of other gods, nor let them be heard out of your mouth.

You shall observe a feast to me three times a year. You shall observe the feast of unleavened bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month Abib (for in it you came out from Egypt), and no one shall appear before me empty. And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which you sow in the field: and the feast of harvest, at the end of the year, when you gather in your labors out of the field. Three times in the year all your males shall appear before the Lord God. You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread, nor shall the fat of my feast remain all night until the morning. The first of the first fruits of your ground you shall bring into the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a kid goat in its mother's milk.

Behold, I send an angel before you, to guard you on the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. Pay attention to him and listen to his voice. Do not provoke him, for he will not pardon your disobedience, for my name is in him. But if you indeed listen to his voice, and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries. For my angel shall go before you, and bring you to the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Canaanite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, and I will cut them off. You shall not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor follow their practices, but you shall utterly overthrow them and demolish their pillars. You shall serve the Lord your God, and he will bless your bread and your water, and I will take sickness away from your midst. No one will miscarry or be barren in your land. I will fulfill the number of your days.

I will send my terror before you, and will confuse all the people to whom you come, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs to you. I will send the hornet before you, which will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you. I will not drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become desolate, and the animals of the field multiply against you. Little by little I will drive them out from before you, until you have increased and inherit the land. I will set your border from the Red Sea even to the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert to the River, for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you shall drive them out before you. You shall make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against me, for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you.”

He said to Moses, "Come up to the Lord, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from a distance. Moses alone shall come near to the Lord, but they shall not come near, nor shall the people go up with him." Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord, and all the ordinances, and all the people answered with one voice, and said, "All the words which the Lord has spoken we will do." Moses wrote all the words of the Lord, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar under the mountain, and twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel. He sent young men of the children of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord. Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. He took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people, and they said, "All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and be obedient." Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Behold, this is the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you concerning all these words.”

Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up. They saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a paved work of sapphire stone, like the skies for clearness. He did not lay his hand on the nobles of the children of Israel. They saw God, but still ate and drank. The Lord said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain, and stay here, and I will give you the tables of stone with the law and the commands that I have written, that you may teach them." Moses rose up with Joshua, his servant, and Moses went up onto God's Mountain. He said to the elders, "Wait here for us, until we come again to you. Behold, Aaron and Hur are with you. Whoever is involved in a dispute can go to them." Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. The glory of the Lord settled on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. The seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. The appearance of the glory of the Lord was like devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel. Moses entered into the midst of the cloud, and went up on the mountain, and Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, that they take an offering for me. From everyone whose heart makes him willing you shall take my offering. This is the offering which you shall take from them: gold, silver, bronze, blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair, rams' skins dyed red, fine leather, acacia wood, oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the sweet incense, onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate. Let them make me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. According to all that I show you, the pattern of the tent, and the pattern of all of its furniture, even so you shall make it.

They shall make an ark of acacia wood. Its length shall be two and a half cubits, its breadth a cubit and a half, and its height a cubit and a half. You shall overlay it with pure gold. Inside and outside shall you overlay it, and shall make a gold molding around it. You shall cast four rings of gold for it, and put them on its four feet. Two rings shall be on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it. You shall make poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. You shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry the ark. The poles shall be in the rings of the ark. They shall not be taken from it. You shall put the covenant which I shall give you into the ark.

You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold. Two and a half cubits shall be its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth. You shall make two cherubim of hammered gold. You shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat. Make one cherub at the one end, and one cherub at the other end. You shall make the cherubim on its two ends of one piece with the mercy seat. The cherubim shall spread out their wings upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces toward one another. The faces of the cherubim shall be toward the mercy seat. You shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the covenant that I will give you. There I will meet with you, and I will speak to you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the covenant, all that I command you for the children of Israel.

You shall make a table of acacia wood. Two cubits shall be its length, and a cubit its breadth, and one and a half cubits its height. You shall overlay it with pure gold, and make a gold molding around it. You shall make a rim of a handbreadth around it. You shall make a golden molding on its rim around it. You shall make four rings of gold for it, and put the rings in the four corners that are on its four feet. The rings shall be close to the rim, for places for the poles to carry the table. You shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be carried with them. You shall make its dishes, its spoons, its ladles, and its bowls to pour out offerings with. Of pure gold shall you make them. You shall set bread of the presence on the table before me always.

You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work shall the lampstand be made, even its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it. There shall be six branches going out of its sides: three branches of the lampstand out of its one side, and three branches of the lampstand out of its other side; three cups made like almond blossoms in one branch, a bud and a flower, and three cups made like almond blossoms in the other branch, a bud and a flower, so for the six branches going out of the lampstand, and in the lampstand four cups made like almond blossoms, its buds and its flowers, and a bud under two branches of one piece with it, and a bud under two branches of one piece with it, and a bud under two branches of one piece with it, for the six branches going out of the lampstand. Their buds and their branches shall be of one piece with it, the whole of it one beaten work of pure gold. You shall make its lamps seven, and they shall light its lamps to give light to the space in front of it. Its snuffers and its snuff dishes shall be of pure gold. It shall be made of a talent of pure gold, with all these accessories. See that you make them after their pattern, which has been shown to you on the mountain.

Moreover you shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains; of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, with cherubim. The work of the skillful workman you shall make them. The length of each curtain shall be twenty-eight cubits, and the breadth of each curtain four cubits: all the curtains shall have one measure. Five curtains shall be coupled together one to another, and the other five curtains shall be coupled one to another. You shall make loops of blue on the edge of the outermost curtain in the first set, and likewise you shall make in the edge of the outermost curtain in the second set. You shall make fifty loops in the one curtain, and you shall make fifty loops in the edge of the curtain that is in the second set. The loops shall be opposite one to another. You shall make fifty clasps of gold, and couple the curtains one to another with the clasps, and the tabernacle shall be a single unit.

You shall make curtains of goats' hair for a tent over the tabernacle: eleven curtains shall you make. The length of each curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of each curtain four cubits: the eleven curtains shall have one measure. You shall couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shall double over the sixth curtain in the front of the tent. You shall make fifty loops on the edge of the outermost curtain in the first set, and fifty loops on the edge of the outermost curtain in the second set. You shall make fifty clasps of bronze, and put the clasps into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one. The overhanging part that remains of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remains, shall hang over the back of the tabernacle. The cubit on the one side, and the cubit on the other side, of what remains in the length of the curtains of the tent, shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it. You shall make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering of fine leather above.

You shall make the frame for the tabernacle of acacia wood, standing up. Ten cubits shall be the length of each frame, and one and a half cubits the width of each frame. There shall be two tenons in each frame, joined to one another: thus shall you make for all the frame of the tabernacle. You shall make the frames for the tabernacle, twenty frames for the south side southward. You shall make forty bases of silver under the twenty frames; two sockets under one frame for its two tenons, and two sockets under another frame for its two tenons. For the second side of the tabernacle, on the north side, twenty frames, and their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one frame, and two sockets under another frame. For the far part of the tabernacle westward you shall make six frames. Two frames shall you make for the corners of the tabernacle in the rear. They shall be separate beneath, but joined at the top, at the first ring. Thus shall it be for them both; they shall serve for the two corners. There shall be eight frames, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one frame, and two sockets under another frame. You shall make bars of acacia wood: five for the frames of the one side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames of the side of the tabernacle, for the far part westward. The middle bar, halfway up the frames, shall go from end to end. You shall overlay the frames with gold, and make their rings of gold to be places for the bars, and you shall overlay the bars with gold. You shall set up the tabernacle according to the way that it was shown to you on the mountain.

You shall make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cherubim skillfully worked into it. You shall hang it on four pillars of acacia overlaid with gold; their hooks shall be of gold, on four sockets of silver. You shall hang up the veil under the clasps, and shall bring the ark of the covenant in there, within the veil, and the veil shall separate for you the Holy Place from the Most Holy. You shall put the mercy seat on the ark of the covenant in the Most Holy Place. You shall set the table outside the veil, and the lampstand over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south, and you shall put the table on the north side. You shall make a screen for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, embroidered needlework. You shall make for the screen five pillars of acacia, and overlay them with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, and you shall cast five sockets of bronze for them.

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