Reading 57/341, Deuteronomy 24-27

[A] Jesus specifically says of this law on divorce in the first paragraph: "Because of your hardness of hearts, Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so." He seems to be suggesting that at least this part of the law was entirely Moses' idea.
[B] The law is here repeated, and becomes important later, "You shall not muzzle the ox when he treads out the grain."

...Deuteronomy...

When a man takes a wife, and marries her, then it shall be, if she finds no favor in his eyes, because he has found some unseemly thing in her, that he shall write her a bill of divorce, and put it in her hand, and send her out of his house. When she has departed out of his house, she may go and be another man's wife. If the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorce, and put it in her hand, and send her out of his house, or if the latter husband die, who took her to be his wife, her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after she is defiled, for that is abomination before the Lord, and you shall not cause the land to sin, which the Lord your God gives you for an inheritance. When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out with the army, nor shall he be charged with any business. He shall be free at home one year, and shall delight his wife whom he has taken.

No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone as a pledge, for he would take a man's life as a pledge. If a man is found stealing any of his brothers of the children of Israel, and he deal with him as a slave, or sell him, then that thief shall die, so shall you put away the evil from the midst of you. Take care in a leprous disease, that you observe diligently, and do according to all that the Levite priests teach you; as I commanded them, so shall you carefully do. Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam, by the way as you came forth out of Egypt. When you lend your neighbor any manner of loan, you shall not go into his house to get his pledge. You shall stand outside, and the man to whom you lend shall bring forth the pledge outside to you. If he is a poor man, you shall not sleep with his pledge; you shall surely restore to him the pledge when the sun goes down, that he may sleep in his garment, and bless you, and it shall be righteousness to you before the Lord your God. You shall not oppress a hired servant who is poor and needy, whether he is of your brothers or of your immigrants who are on your land within your gates. On the same day you shall give him his hire, nor shall the sun go down on it, for he is poor, and sets his heart on it, lest he cry against you to the Lord, and it be a sin for you. The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor shall the children be put to death for the fathers; every man shall be put to death for his own sin.

You shall not pervert justice due to the immigrant, or to the fatherless, nor take the widow's clothing as a pledge, but you shall remember that you were a bondservant in Egypt, and the Lord your God redeemed you there, therefore I command you to do this: when you reap your harvest in your field, and forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go again to get it; it shall be for the immigrant, for the fatherless, and for the widow, that the Lord your God may bless you in all the works of your hands. When you beat your olive tree, you shall not go over the branches again; it shall be for the immigrant, for the fatherless, and for the widow. When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, you shall not strip it afterward; it shall be for the immigrant, for the fatherless, and for the widow. You shall remember that you were a bondservant in the land of Egypt, therefore I command you to do this thing. If there is a controversy between men, and they come to judgment, and the judges judge them, then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked, and it shall be, if the wicked man deserves a beating, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his wickedness, by number. Forty stripes he may give him, he shall not exceed that, lest, if he should exceed, and beat him with more stripes than this, your brother should be degraded before you. You shall not muzzle the ox when he treads out the grain.

If brothers dwell together, and one of them dies, and has no son, the wife of the dead shall not be married outside the family to a stranger; her husband's brother shall go in to her, and take her to himself as wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother for her. It shall be that the firstborn whom she bears shall succeed in the name of his brother who is dead, lest his name be blotted out of Israel. If the man does not want to take his brother's wife, then his brother's wife shall go up to the gate to the elders, and say, ‘My husband's brother refuses to raise up for his brother a name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother for me.’ Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak to him, and if he stand, and say, ‘I do not want to take her’, then his brother's wife shall come to him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and she shall answer and say, ‘So shall it be done to the man who does not build up his brother's house’. His name shall be called in Israel, ‘The house of him who has his shoe untied’. When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draws near to deliver her husband out of the hand of him who strikes him, and puts forth her hand, and takes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall have no pity. You shall not have in your bag diverse weights, a great and a small. You shall not have in your house diverse measures, a great and a small. A perfect and just weight shall you have; a perfect and just measure shall you have, that your days may be long in the land which the Lord your God gives you. For all who do such things, all who do unrighteously, are an abomination to the Lord your God. Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you came forth out of Egypt, how he met you on the way, and cut off your tail (those who were lagging behind you), when you were faint and weary, and he did not fear God. Therefore it shall be, when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies round about, in the land which the Lord your God gives you for an inheritance to possess it, that you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under the sky; you shall not forget.

It shall be, when you have come into the land which the Lord your God gives you for an inheritance, and possess it, and dwell therein, that you shall take of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which you shall bring in from your land that the Lord your God gives you, and you shall put it in a basket, and shall go to the place which the Lord your God chooses to cause his name to dwell there. You shall come to the priest in those days, and tell him, ‘I profess this day to the Lord your God, that I have come to the land which the Lord swore to our fathers to give us.’ The priest shall take the basket out of your hand, and set it down before the altar of the Lord your God. You shall answer and say before the Lord your God, ‘A wandering Aramean was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there, few in number, and he became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous. The Egyptians dealt ill with us, and afflicted us, and laid on us hard bondage, and we cried to the Lord, the God of our fathers, and the Lord heard our voice, and saw our affliction, and our toil, and our oppression, and the Lord brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terror, and with signs, and with wonders, and he has brought us into this place, and has given us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. Now, behold, I have brought the first of the fruit of the ground, which you, the Lord, have given me.’ You shall set it down before the Lord your God, and worship before the Lord your God. You shall rejoice in all the good which the Lord your God has given to you, and to your house, you, and the Levite, and the immigrant who is in the midst of you. When you have made an end of tithing all the tithe of your increase in the third year, which is the year of tithing, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the immigrant, to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled. You shall say before the Lord your God, ‘I have put the holy things out of my house, and also have given them to the Levite, and to the immigrant, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all your commandment which you have commanded me, I have not transgressed any of your commandments, nor have I forgotten them, I have not eaten of it in my mourning, nor have I removed any of it when I was unclean, nor given of it for the dead; I have listened to the voice of the Lord my God; I have done according to all that you have commanded me. Look down from your holy habitation, from heaven, and bless your people Israel, and the ground which you have given us, as you swore to our fathers, a land flowing with milk and honey.’

This day the Lord your God commands you to do these statutes and ordinances, you shall therefore keep and do them with all your heart, and with all your soul. You have declared this day that the Lord is your God, and that you would walk in his ways, and keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his ordinances, and listen to his voice. The Lord has declared this day that you are a people for his own possession, as he has promised you, and that you should keep all his commandments, he will make you high above all nations that he has made, in praise, and in name, and in honor, and that you may be a holy people to the Lord your God, as he has spoken.” Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, “Keep all the commandment which I command you this day. It shall be on the day when you pass over the Jordan to the land which the Lord your God gives you, that you shall set up great stones for yourself, and plaster them with plaster, and you shall write on them all the words of this law, when you have passed over, that you may go into the land which the Lord your God gives you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as the Lord, the God of your fathers, has promised you. It shall be, when you have passed over the Jordan, that you shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, on Mount Ebal, and you shall plaster them with plaster. There you shall build an altar to the Lord your God, an altar of stones, you shall lift up no iron tool on them. You shall build the altar of the Lord your God of uncut stones, and you shall offer burnt offerings on it to the Lord your God, and you shall sacrifice peace offerings, and shall eat there, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God. You shall write on the stones all the words of this law very plainly.”

Moses and the Levite priests spoke to all Israel, saying, “Keep silence, and listen, Israel, this day you have become the people of the Lord your God. You shall therefore obey the voice of the Lord your God, and do his commandments and his statutes, which I command you this day.” Moses charged the people the same day, saying, “These shall stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people, when you are passed over the Jordan: Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin. These shall stand on Mount Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali. The Levites shall declare, and tell all the men of Israel with a loud voice, ‘Cursed be the man who makes an engraved or molten image, an abomination to the Lord, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and sets it up in secret.’ All the people shall answer and say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who dishonors his father or his mother.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who removes his neighbor's landmark.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who makes the blind to wander off the road.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who perverts justice due to the immigrant, fatherless, and widow.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who lies with his father's wife, because he has uncovered his father's skirt.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who lies with any manner of animal.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who lies with his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who lies with his mother-in-law.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who strikes his neighbor in secret.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who takes a bribe to kill an innocent person.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ‘Cursed be he who does not confirm the words of this law to do them.’ All the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

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