Reading 64/341, Joshua 13-15

[A] The reading today contains a few interesting bits, but it is largely a detailed description of a map. Here is how someone has worked out that map. This will be repeated for the next few days.
[B] It is here that the phrase which we often saw in the Pentateuch "half-tribe of Manasseh" is made clear. Manasseh is divided between those who were east of the Jordan, in the land of Og, king of Bashan, one of the three tribes who stayed on that side because of love of cattle, and those who were west of the Jordan, called Gilead.
[C] We have some definite dates here. Caleb was 40 back in Numbers when he was one of the spies. He was 80 when he entered the Promised Land after 40 years of wandering in the desert. He is now 85, so all the conquering yesterday took about 5 years. It is now about the year 1400 BC.

...Joshua...

Now Joshua was old and advanced in years, and the Lord said to him, “You are old and advanced in years, and a lot of land still remains to be possessed. This is the land that yet remains: all the regions of the Philistines, and all the Geshurites; from the Shihor, which is east of Egypt, to the border of Ekron northward; it is reckoned as the Canaanite; the five lords of the Philistines; the Gazites, and the Ashdodites, the Ashkelonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avvim, on the south; all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians, to Aphek, to the border of the Amorites, and the land of the Gebalites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrise, from Baal-gad below Mount Hermon to the entrance of Hamath; all the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephoth-maim, all the Sidonians. I myself will drive them out from before the children of Israel; only allot it to Israel for an inheritance, as I have commanded you. Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance to the nine tribes, and half of the tribe of Manasseh. With the other half of the tribe, the Reubenites and the Gadites received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond the Jordan eastward, as Moses the servant of the Lord gave them, from Aroer, that is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the plain of Medeba to Dibon, and all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, to the border of the children of Ammon, and Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and all Mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salecah; all the kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei (he was left of the remnant of the Rephaim); for these Moses struck and drove them out.” Nevertheless the children of Israel did not drive out the Geshurites, nor the Maacathites, but Geshur and Maacath dwell in the midst of Israel to this day.

Only to the tribe of Levi, Moses gave no inheritance; the offerings of the Lord, the God of Israel, made by fire, are his inheritance, as he said to him. Moses gave to the tribe of the children of Reuben according to their families. Their border was from Aroer, that is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the plain by Medeba; Heshbon, and all its cities that are in the plain; Dibon, and Bamoth Baal, and Beth Baal Meon, and Jahaz, and Kedemoth, and Mephaath, and Kiriathaim, and Sibmah, and Zereth-shahar in the mount of the valley, and Beth-peor, and the slopes of Pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth, and all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses struck with the chiefs of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the princes of Sihon, who lived in the land. Balaam also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, the children of Israel killed with the sword among the rest of their slain. The border of the children of Reuben was the Jordan, and the border of it. This was the inheritance of the children of Reuben according to their families, the cities and the villages of it. Moses gave to the tribe of Gad, to the children of Gad, according to their families. Their border was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the children of Ammon, to Aroer that is east of Rabbah, and from Heshbon to Ramath-mizpeh, and Betonim, and from Mahanaim to the border of Debir, and in the valley, Beth-haram, and Beth-nimrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, the Jordan being the boundary, to the uttermost part of the sea of Chinnereth beyond the Jordan eastward. This is the inheritance of the children of Gad according to their families, the cities and the villages of it. Moses gave an inheritance to the half-tribe of Manasseh, and it was for the half-tribe of the children of Manasseh according to their families. Their border was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which are in Bashan, sixty cities, and half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, for the half of the children of Machir according to their families. These are the inheritances which Moses distributed in the plains of Moab, beyond the Jordan at Jericho, eastward. But to the tribe of Levi Moses gave no inheritance, the Lord, the God of Israel, is their inheritance, as he said to them.

These are the inheritances which the children of Israel took in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed to them by lot for their inheritance, as the Lord commanded through Moses, for the nine tribes, and for the half-tribe. For Moses had given the inheritance of the two tribes and the half-tribe beyond the Jordan, but to the Levites he gave no inheritance among them. For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim, and they gave no portion to the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in, with the pasture lands of it for their livestock and for their substance. As the Lord commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did, and they divided the land. Then the children of Judah drew near to Joshua in Gilgal, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite said to him, “You know what the Lord spoke to Moses, the man of God, concerning me and concerning you in Kadesh-barnea. Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh-barnea to spy out the land, and I brought him word again as was in my heart. Nevertheless, my brothers who went up with me made the heart of the people melt, but I wholly followed the Lord my God. Moses swore on that day, saying, ‘Surely the land on which your foot has trodden shall be an inheritance to you and to your children forever, because you have wholly followed the Lord my God.’ Now, behold, the Lord has kept me alive, as he said, these forty-five years, from the time that the Lord spoke this word to Moses, while Israel walked in the desert, and now, behold, I am this day eighty-five years old. I am still as strong today as I was in the day that Moses sent me, as my strength was then, so is my strength now, for war, and to go out and to come in. Now therefore give me this hill country, of which the Lord spoke in that day; for you heard on that day how the Anakim were there, and cities great and fortified, it may be that the Lord will be with me, and I shall drive them out, as the Lord said.” Joshua blessed him, and he gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an inheritance. Therefore Hebron became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite to this day, because that he wholly followed the Lord, the God of Israel. Now the name of Hebron before was Kiriath-arba; Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. The land had rest from war.

The lot for the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families was to the border of Edom, to the desert of Zin southward, at the uttermost part of the south. Their south border was from the uttermost part of the Salt Sea, from the bay that looks southward, and it went out southward of the ascent of Akrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and went up south of Kadesh-barnea, and passed along by Hezron, and went up to Addar, and turned about to Karka, and it passed along to Azmon, and went out at the brook of Egypt, and the end of the border was at the sea, “This shall be your south border.” The east border was the Salt Sea, to the end of the Jordan. The border of the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the end of the Jordan, and the border went up to Beth-hoglah, and passed along by the north of Beth-arabah, and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben, and the border went up to Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, which is opposite the ascent of Adummim, which is on the south side of the river, and the border passed along to the waters of En Shemesh, and the goings out of it were at En Rogel, and the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom to the side of the Jebusite southward (this is Jerusalem), and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lies before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the uttermost part of the valley of Rephaim northward, and the border extended from the top of the mountain to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of Mount Ephron, and the border extended to Baalah (this is Kiriath-jearim), and the border turned about from Baalah westward to Mount Seir, and passed along to the side of Mount Jearim on the north (this is Chesalon), and went down to Beth Shemesh, and passed along by Timnah, and the border went out to the side of Ekron northward, and the border extended to Shikkeron, and passed along to Mount Baalah, and went out at Jabneel, and the end of the border is at the sea. The west border was the Great Sea, and the shore. This is the border of the children of Judah according to their families.

To Caleb the son of Jephunneh, he gave a portion among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the Lord to Joshua, Kiriath-arba, which is Hebron (Arba was the father of Anak). Caleb drove out there the three sons of Anak: Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak. He went up there against the inhabitants of Debir. now the name of Debir before was Kiriath-sepher. Caleb said, “He who strikes Kiriath-sepher, and takes it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter as wife.” Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it, and he gave him Achsah his daughter as wife. It happened, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field, and she alighted from off her donkey, and Caleb said, “What do you want?” She said, “Give me a blessing, since you have given me the land of the Negeb, give me also springs of water.” He gave her the upper springs and the lower springs. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families. The uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the border of Edom in the South were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur, and Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan, Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth-hezron (this is Hazor), Amam, and Shema, and Moladah, and Hazar-gaddah, and Heshmon, and Beth-pelet, and Hazar-shual, and Beersheba, and Biziothiah, Baalah, and Iim, and Ezem, and Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah, and Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah, and Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon. All the cities are twenty-nine, with their villages. In the lowland: Eshtaol, and Zorah, and Ashnah, and Zanoah, and En Gannim, Tappuah, and Enam, Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah, and Shaaraim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages. Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdal-gad, and Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel, Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon, and Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Chitlish, and Gederoth, Beth-dagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages. Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan, and Iphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib, and Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages. Ekron, with its towns and its villages; from Ekron to the sea, all that were by the side of Ashdod, with their villages. Ashdod, its towns and its villages; Gaza, its towns and its villages; to the brook of Egypt, and the Great Sea, and its shore. In the hill country, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh, and Dannah, and Kiriath-sannah (this is Debir), and Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim, and Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages. Arab, and Dumah, and Eshan, and Janim, and Beth-tappuah, and Aphekah, and Humtah, and Kiriath-arba (this is Hebron), and Zior; nine cities with their villages. Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Jutah, and Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah, Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages. Halhul, Beth Zur, and Gedor, and Maarath, and Beth-anoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages. Kiriath-baal (this is Kiriath-jearim), and Rabbah; two cities with their villages. In the desert, Beth-arabah, Middin, and Secacah, and Nibshan, the City of Salt, and En Gedi; six cities with their villages. As for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out, so the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem to this day.

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