Reading 63/341, Joshua 10-12

Today is a summary of the wars fought to conquer the Promised Land. Note that Joshua faithfully defends Gibeon, who had just tricked him into the peace treaty, keeping his promise.

...Joshua...

Now it happened, when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had devoted it to destruction, as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king, and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them, he feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men of it were mighty. Therefore Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, and to Piram king of Jarmuth, and to Japhia king of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eglon, saying, “Come up to me, and help me, and let us strike Gibeon; for it has made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.” Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their armies, and encamped against Gibeon, and made war against it. The men of Gibeon sent to Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, “Do not slack your hand from your servants. Come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the hill country are gathered together against us.” So Joshua went up from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor. The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them, for I have delivered them into your hands. Not a man of them shall stand before you.” Joshua therefore came on them suddenly; for he went up from Gilgal all the night. The Lord confused them before Israel, and he killed them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon, and struck them to Azekah, and to Makkedah. It happened, as they fled from before Israel, while they were at the descent of Beth-horon, that the Lord cast down great stones from the sky on them to Azekah, and they died, they were more who died with the hailstones than they whom the children of Israel killed with the sword.

Then spoke Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, “Sun, stand still on Gibeon; Moon, in the valley of Aijalon.” The sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jashar? The sun stayed in the midst of the sky, and did not hurry to set for a whole day. There was no day like that before it or after it, that the Lord listened to the voice of a man, for the Lord fought for Israel. Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal. These five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah. Joshua was told, saying, “The five kings are found, hidden in the cave at Makkedah.” Joshua said, “Roll great stones to the mouth of the cave, and set men by it to keep them, but do not stay; pursue after your enemies, and strike the hindmost of them; do not allow them to enter into their cities, for the Lord your God has delivered them into your hand.” It happened, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of killing them with a very great slaughter, until they were consumed, and the remnant which remained of them had entered into the fortified cities, that all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace, none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel. Then said Joshua, “Open the mouth of the cave, and bring forth those five kings to me out of the cave.” They did so, and brought forth those five kings to him out of the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon. It happened, when they brought forth those kings to Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said to the chiefs of the men of war who went with him, “Come near, put your feet on the necks of these kings.” They came near, and put their feet on the necks of them. Joshua said to them, “Do not be afraid, nor be dismayed; be strong and of good courage, for thus shall the Lord do to all your enemies against whom you fight.” Afterward Joshua struck them, and put them to death, and hanged them on five trees, and they hung on the trees until the evening. It happened at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave in which they had hidden themselves, and laid great stones against the mouth of the cave, where they remain to this very day.

Joshua took Makkedah on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and the king of it, he devoted them to destruction and all the souls who were in it. He left none remaining, and he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho. Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, to Libnah, and fought against Libnah, and the Lord delivered it also, and the king of it, into the hand of Israel, and he struck it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls who were in it. He left none remaining in it, and he did to the king of it as he had done to the king of Jericho. Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, to Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it, and the Lord delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, and he took it on the second day, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls who were in it, according to all that he had done to Libnah. Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish, and Joshua struck him and his people, until he had left him none remaining. Joshua passed from Lachish, and all Israel with him, to Eglon, and they encamped against it, and fought against it, and they took it on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls who were in it he devoted to destruction that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish. Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, to Hebron, and they fought against it, and they took it, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and the king of it, and all the cities of it, and all the souls who were in it. He left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon. He devoted it to destruction, and all the souls who were in it. Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fought against it, and he took it, and the king of it, and all the cities of it, and they struck them with the edge of the sword, and devoted to destruction all the souls who were in it. He left none remaining, as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king of it, just as he had done also to Libnah, and to the king of it. So Joshua struck all the land: the hill country, and the Negeb, and the lowland, and the slopes, and all their kings, he left none remaining; he devoted to destruction all that breathed, as the Lord, the God of Israel, commanded. Joshua struck them from Kadesh-barnea to Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, to Gibeon. All these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the Lord, the God of Israel, fought for Israel.

Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp to Gilgal. It happened, when Jabin king of Hazor heard of it, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, and to the kings who were on the north, in the hill country, and in the Arabah south of Chinneroth, and in the lowland, and in the heights of Dor on the west, to the Canaanites in the east and on the west, and the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites in the hill country, and the Hivites under Hermon in the land of Mizpah. They went out, they and all their armies with them, many people, in number like the sand that is on the seashore, with very many horses and chariots. All these kings met together, and they came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel. The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid because of them; for tomorrow at this time will I deliver them all slain before Israel. You shall hamstring their horses, and burn their chariots with fire.” So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly, and fell on them. The Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, and they struck them, and chased them to Great Sidon, and to Misrephoth-maim, and to the valley of Mizpeh eastward, and they struck them, until they left none remaining. Joshua did to them as the Lord bade him: he hamstrung their horses, and burned their chariots with fire. Joshua turned back at that time, and took Hazor, and struck the king of it with the sword, for Hazor before was the head of all those kingdoms. They struck all the souls who were in it with the edge of the sword, devoting them to destruction. There was none left who breathed, and he burnt Hazor with fire.

All the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and he struck them with the edge of the sword, and devoted them to destruction, as Moses the servant of the Lord commanded. But as for the cities that stood on their mounds, Israel burned none of them, (except Hazor only, which Joshua did burn.) All the spoil of these cities, and the livestock, the children of Israel took as plunder for themselves, but every man they struck with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, nor left they any who breathed. As the Lord commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so Joshua did; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses. So Joshua took all that land, the hill country, and all the Negeb, and all the land of Goshen, and the lowland, and the Arabah, and the hill country of Israel, and its lowland, from Mount Halak, that goes up to Seir, to Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon under Mount Hermon, and all their kings he took, and struck them, and put them to death. Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. They took all in battle. For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, to come against Israel in battle, that they might be devoted to destruction, that they might have no mercy, but that he might destroy them, as the Lord commanded Moses. Joshua came at that time, and cut off the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua devoted them to destruction with their cities. There was none of the Anakim left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, did some remain. So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord spoke to Moses, and Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by tribes. The land had rest from war.

Now these are the kings of the land, whom the children of Israel struck, and possessed their land beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah eastward: Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and from the middle of the valley, and half Gilead, to the river Jabbok, the border of the children of Ammon, and the Arabah to the sea of Chinneroth, eastward, and to the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, eastward, the way to Beth-jeshimoth, and on the south, under the slopes of Pisgah, and the border of Og king of Bashan, of the remnant of the Rephaim, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei, and ruled on Mount Hermon, and in Salecah, and in all Bashan, to the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and half Gilead, to the border of Sihon, king of Heshbon. Moses the servant of the Lord and the children of Israel struck them, and Moses the servant of the Lord gave it for a possession to the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.

These are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the children of Israel struck beyond the Jordan westward, from Baal Gad in the valley of Lebanon to Mount Halak, that goes up to Seir, and Joshua gave it to the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions: in the hill country, and in the lowland, and in the Arabah, and on the slopes, and in the desert, and in the Negeb: the land of the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, the king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one; the king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one; the king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one; the king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one; the king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one; the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one; the king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one; the king of Makkedah, one; the king of Bethel, one; the king of Tappuah, one; the king of Hepher, one; the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lassharon, one; the king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor, one; the king of Shimron-meron, one; the king of Achshaph, one; the king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one; the king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam in Carmel, one; the king of Dor in Naphath-dor, one; the king of Goiim in Gilgal, one; the king of Tirzah, one: in all thirty-one kings.

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