Reading 29/341, Leviticus 6-8

More detailed laws of sacrifice today, followed by the ordination of Aaron and his sons. A couple things to note: the "thanksgiving offering", which in Greek would be the "eucharist" included unleavened wafers. The wave offering, where the priest waved the breast of the animal in the air, has a certain similarity to Benediction in the new covenant.

...Leviticus...

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "If anyone sins, and commits a trespass against the Lord, and deals falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit or security, or through robbery, or has oppressed his neighbor, or has found what was lost and lied about it, swearing falsely, or in any of all these things that a man does, sinning thereby, then it shall be, if he has sinned, and is guilty, he shall restore what he took by robbery, or the thing which he has gotten by oppression, or the deposit which was committed to him, or the lost thing which he found, or anything about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore it in full, and shall even add a fifth more to it. He shall give it to him to whom it belongs, on the day of his being found guilty. And he shall bring his guilt offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, or the equivalent thereof, for a guilt offering, to the priest. The priest shall make atonement for him before the Lord, and he will be forgiven concerning whatever he did to become guilty.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Command Aaron and his sons, saying, 'This is the law of the burnt offering: the burnt offering shall be on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning on it. The priest shall put on his linen garment, and he shall put his linen breeches on his body, and he shall remove the ashes from where the fire has consumed the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar. Then he shall take off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. The fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it, it shall not go out, and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and he shall arrange the burnt offering on it, and shall burn on it the fat of the peace offerings. Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually; it shall not go out.

This is the law of the grain offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before the Lord, before the altar. He shall take from there his handful of the fine flour of the grain offering, and of its oil, and all the frankincense which is on the grain offering, and shall burn it on the altar for a sweet savor, as its memorial, to the Lord. What is left of it Aaron and his sons shall eat. It shall be eaten without yeast in a holy place. They shall eat it in the court of the tent of meeting It shall not be baked with yeast. I have given it as their portion of my offerings made by fire. It is Most Holy, as the sin offering, and as the guilt offering. Every male among the children of Aaron shall eat of it, as their portion forever throughout your generations, from the offerings of the Lord made by fire. Whatever touches it shall be holy.'"

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer to the Lord in the day when he is anointed: the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering perpetually, half of it in the morning, and half of it in the evening. It shall be made with oil in a baking pan. When it is soaked, you shall bring it in. You shall offer the grain offering in baked pieces for a sweet savor to the Lord. The anointed priest that will be in his place from among his sons shall offer it. By a statute forever, it shall be wholly burnt to the Lord. Every grain offering of a priest shall be wholly burned. It shall not be eaten.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, 'This is the law of the sin offering: in the place where the burnt offering is killed, the sin offering shall be killed before the Lord. It is Most Holy. The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. It shall be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the tent of meeting. Whatever shall touch its flesh shall be holy. When there is any of its blood sprinkled on a garment, you shall wash that on which it was sprinkled in a holy place. But the earthen vessel in which it is boiled shall be broken, and if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, it shall be scoured, and rinsed in water. Every male among the priests shall eat of it: it is Most Holy. No sin offering, of which any of the blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be eaten: it shall be burned with fire. This is the law of the guilt offering. It is Most Holy. In the place where they kill the burnt offering, he shall kill the guilt offering, and its blood he shall sprinkle on the altar round about. He shall offer all of its fat: the fat tail, and the fat that covers the entrails, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away, and the priest shall burn them on the altar for an offering made by fire to the Lord: it is a guilt offering. Every male among the priests may eat of it. It shall be eaten in a holy place. It is Most Holy. As is the sin offering, so is the guilt offering; there is one law for them. The priest who makes atonement with them shall have it. The priest who offers any man's burnt offering, that priest shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered. Every grain offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying pan, and on the baking pan, shall belong to the priest who offers it. Every grain offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aaron, one as well as another.

This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which one shall offer to the Lord. If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mixed with oil. With cakes of leavened bread he shall offer his offering with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving. Of it he shall offer one out of each offering for a gift offering to the Lord. It shall belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the peace offerings. The flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten on the day of his offering. He shall not leave any of it until the morning. But if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow, or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice, and on the next day what remains of it shall be eaten, but what remains of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned with fire. If any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted, nor shall it be imputed to him who offers it. It will be an abomination, and the soul who eats any of it will bear his iniquity. The flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten. It shall be burned with fire. As for the flesh, everyone who is clean may eat it; but the soul who eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, that belongs to the Lord, having his uncleanness on him, that soul shall be cut off from his people. When anyone touches any unclean thing, the uncleanness of humans, or an unclean animal, or any unclean abomination, and eats some of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which belong to the Lord, that soul shall be cut off from his people.'"

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'You shall eat no fat, of ox, or sheep, or goat. The fat of what dies of itself, and the fat of what is torn of animals, may be used for any other service, but you shall in no way eat of it. For whoever eats the fat of the animal, of which men offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, the soul who eats it shall be cut off from his people. You shall not eat any blood, whether it is of bird or of animal, in any of your dwellings. Whoever eats any blood, that soul shall be cut off from his people.'"

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'He who offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to the Lord shall bring his offering to the Lord out of the sacrifice of his peace offerings. With his own hands he shall bring the offerings of the Lord made by fire. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before the Lord. The priest shall burn the fat on the altar, but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'. The right thigh you shall give to the priest for a gift offering out of the sacrifices of your peace offerings. He among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, shall have the right thigh as his portion. For the waved breast and the gifted thigh I have taken from the children of Israel out of the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons as their portion forever from the children of Israel. This is the portion of Aaron and of his sons, out of the offerings of the Lord made by fire, from the day they were presented to minister as priests of the Lord. The Lord commanded this to be given to them from the children of Israel, on the day that he anointed them. It is their portion forever throughout their generations.

This is the law of the burnt offering, of the grain offering, and of the sin offering, and of the guilt offering, and of the consecration, and of the sacrifice of peace offerings; which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai, in the day that he commanded the children of Israel to offer their offerings to the Lord, in the desert of Sinai.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and the bull of the sin offering, and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread, and assemble all the congregation at the entrance of the tent of meeting." Moses did as the Lord commanded him, and the congregation was assembled at the entrance of the tent of meeting. Moses said to the congregation, "This is the thing which the Lord has commanded to be done." Moses brought Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water. He put the coat on him, tied the sash on him, clothed him with the robe, put the ephod on him, and he tied the skillfully woven band of the ephod on him and fastened the ephod to him with it. He placed the breastplate on him, and in the breastplate he put the Urim and the Thummim. He set the turban on his head, and on the turban, in front, he set the golden plate, the holy crown, as the Lord commanded Moses. Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and sanctified them. He sprinkled it on the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all its vessels, and the basin and its base, to sanctify them. He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed him, to sanctify him. Moses brought Aaron's sons, and clothed them with coats, and tied sashes on them, and put headbands on them; as the Lord commanded Moses. He brought the bull of the sin offering, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the bull of the sin offering. He killed it, and Moses took the blood, and put it on the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar, and sanctified it, to make atonement for it. He took all the fat that was on the entrails, and the long lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat, and Moses burned it on the altar, but the bull, and its skin, and its flesh, and its dung, he burned with fire outside the camp; as the Lord commanded Moses. He presented the ram of the burnt offering, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. He killed it, and Moses sprinkled the blood on the altar round about. He cut the ram into its pieces, and Moses burned the head, and the pieces, and the fat. He washed the entrails and the legs with water, and Moses burned the whole ram on the altar. It was a burnt offering for a sweet savor. It was an offering made by fire to the Lord; as the Lord commanded Moses. He presented the other ram, the ram of ordination, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. He killed it, and Moses took some of its blood, and put it on the tip of Aaron's right ear, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the great toe of his right foot. He brought Aaron's sons, and Moses put some of the blood on the tip of their right ear, and on the thumb of their right hand, and on the great toe of their right foot, and Moses sprinkled the blood on the altar round about. He took the fat, and the fat tail, and all the fat that was on the entrails, and the long lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat, and the right thigh, and out of the basket of unleavened bread, that was before the Lord, he took one unleavened cake, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat, and on the right thigh. He put all these in Aaron's hands and in his sons' hands, and waved them for a wave offering before the Lord. Moses took them from their hands, and burned them on the altar of burnt offering. They were an ordination offering for a sweet aroma. It was an offering made by fire to the Lord. Moses took the breast, and waved it for a wave offering before the Lord. It was Moses' portion of the ram of ordination, as the Lord commanded Moses. Moses took some of the anointing oil, and some of the blood which was on the altar, and sprinkled it on Aaron, on his garments, and on his sons, and on his sons' garments with him, and sanctified Aaron, his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him. Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, "Boil the flesh at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and there eat it and the bread that is in the basket of ordination, as I commanded, saying, 'Aaron and his sons shall eat it.' What remains of the flesh and of the bread you shall burn with fire. You shall not go out from the entrance of the tent of meeting seven days, until the days of your ordination are fulfilled: for he shall ordain you seven days. What has been done this day, so the Lord has commanded be done, to make atonement for you. At the entrance of the tent of meeting you shall stay day and night seven days, and keep the charge of the Lord, that you do not die: for so I am commanded." Aaron and his sons did all the things which the Lord commanded by Moses.

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