Reading 33/341, Leviticus 16.11-19

There are lots of laws today. One says that a man cannot marry a woman and her sister at the same time. So Jacob could not have married Rachel after he married Leah. The foundation of the nation of Israel would have been forbidden by the Law of Moses.

...Leviticus...

"Aaron shall present the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull of the sin offering which is for himself. He shall take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil, and he shall put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is over the covenant, so that he will not die. He shall take some of the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat on the east, and before the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times. Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring its blood within the veil, and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat, and he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, all their sins, and so he shall do for the tent of meeting, that dwells with them in the midst of their uncleanness. There shall be no one in the tent of meeting when he enters to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, and has made atonement for himself and for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel. He shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the bull's blood, and some of the goat's blood, and put it on the horns of the altar round about. He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and make it holy from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

When he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tent of meeting, and the altar, he shall present the live goat. Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, all their sins, and he shall put them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the desert by the hand of a man who stands ready. The goat shall carry all their iniquities on itself to a solitary land, and he shall let the goat go in the desert. Then Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting, and shall take off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the Holy Place, and shall leave them there. Then he shall bathe himself in water in a holy place, and put on his garments, and come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people. The fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar. He who lets the goat go as the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp. The bull for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried forth outside the camp, and they shall burn their skins, their flesh, and their dung with fire. He who burns them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.

It shall be a statute to you forever, in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and shall do no manner of work, the native-born, or the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you, for on this day shall atonement be made for you, to cleanse you; from all your sins you shall be clean before the Lord. It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall afflict your souls; it is a statute forever. The priest, who is anointed and who is consecrated to be priest in his father's place, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen garments, the holy garments. Then he shall make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel once in the year because of all their sins.” It was done as the Lord commanded Moses.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, and to all the children of Israel, and say to them, 'This is the thing which the Lord has commanded, Whatever man there is of the house of Israel, who kills an ox, or lamb, or goat, in the camp, or who kills it outside the camp, and has not brought it to the entrance to the tent of meeting, to offer it as an offering to the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord, blood shall be imputed to that man. He has shed blood, and that man shall be cut off from among his people. This is to the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they sacrifice in the open field, that they may bring them to the Lord, to the entrance of the tent of meeting, to the priest, and sacrifice them for sacrifices of peace offerings to the Lord. The priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting, and burn the fat for a sweet savor to the Lord. They shall no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the goat idols, after which they play the prostitute. This shall be a statute forever for them throughout their generations.' You shall say to them, 'Any man there is of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who live as foreigners among them, who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice, and does not bring it to the entrance to the tent of meeting, to sacrifice it to the Lord; that man shall be cut off from his people.

Any man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who live as foreigners among them, who eats any kind of blood, I will set my face against that soul who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people. For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement by reason of the life. Therefore I have said to the children of Israel, "No person among you shall eat blood, nor shall any stranger who lives as a foreigner among you eat blood." Whatever man there is of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who live as foreigners among them, who takes in hunting any animal or bird that may be eaten; he shall pour out its blood, and cover it with dust. For as to the life of all flesh, its blood is with its life, therefore I said to the children of Israel, “You shall not eat the blood of any kind of flesh; for the life of all flesh is its blood. Whoever eats it shall be cut off.” Every person that eats what dies of itself, or what is torn by animals, whether he is native-born or a foreigner, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening, then he shall be clean. But if he does not wash them, or bathe his flesh, then he shall bear his iniquity.’”

The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, 'I am the Lord your God. You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt, where you lived, and you shall not do as they do in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you; nor shall you walk in their statutes. You shall do my ordinances, and you shall keep my statutes, and walk in them, I am the Lord your God. You shall therefore keep my statutes and my ordinances; which if a man does, he shall live in them, I am the Lord. None of you shall approach anyone who is his close kin, to uncover their nakedness, I am the Lord. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, nor the nakedness of your mother, she is your mother. You shall not uncover her nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's wife, it is your father's nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father, or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home, or born abroad. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your son's daughter, or of your daughter's daughter, their nakedness, for theirs is your own nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's wife's daughter, conceived by your father, since she is your sister. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's sister, she is your father's near kinswoman. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister, for she is your mother's near kinswoman. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's brother, you shall not approach his wife, she is your aunt. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law, she is your son's wife. You shall not uncover her nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother's wife, it is your brother's nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter. You shall not take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are near kinswomen, it is wickedness.

You shall not take a rival wife to her sister, to uncover her nakedness, while her sister is yet alive. You shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is impure by her uncleanness. You shall not lie carnally with your neighbor's wife, and defile yourself with her. You shall not give any of your children to sacrifice to Molech; nor shall you profane the name of your God, I am the Lord. You shall not lie with a man, as with a woman. That is detestable. You shall not lie with any animal to defile yourself with it; nor shall any woman give herself to an animal, to lie down with it, it is a perversion. Do not defile yourselves in any of these things, for in all these things the nations which I am casting out before you were defiled. The land was defiled, therefore I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out her inhabitants. You therefore shall keep my statutes and my ordinances, and shall not do any of these abominations; neither the native-born, nor the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you; (for all these abominations have the men of the land done, that were before you, and the land became defiled); that the land not vomit you out also, when you defile it, as it vomited out the nation that was before you. For whoever shall do any of these abominations, the souls that do them shall be cut off from among their people. Therefore you shall keep my charge, that you do not practice any of these abominable customs, which were practiced before you, and that you do not defile yourselves with them, I am the Lord your God.'"

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and tell them, 'You shall be holy; for I the Lord your God am holy. Each one of you shall respect his mother and his father. You shall keep my Sabbaths. I am the Lord your God. Do not turn to idols, nor make molten gods for yourselves. I am the Lord your God. When you offer a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord, you shall offer it so that you may be accepted. It shall be eaten the same day you offer it, and on the next day, and if anything remains until the third day, it shall be burned with fire. If it is eaten at all on the third day, it is an abomination. It will not be accepted; but everyone who eats it shall bear his iniquity, because he has profaned the holy thing of the Lord, and that soul shall be cut off from his people. When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field, nor shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest. You shall not glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and for the foreigner. I am the Lord your God. You shall not steal; nor shall you deal falsely, nor lie to one another. You shall not swear by my name falsely, and profane the name of your God. I am the Lord. You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired servant shall not remain with you all night until the morning. You shall not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind; but you shall fear your God. I am the Lord. You shall do no injustice in judgment, you shall not be partial to the poor, nor show favoritism to the great; but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor. You shall not go up and down as a slanderer among your people; nor shall you stand against the life of your neighbor. I am the Lord. You shall not hate your brother in your heart. You shall surely rebuke your neighbor, and not bear sin because of him. You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people; but you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am the Lord.

You shall keep my statutes. You shall not crossbreed different kinds of animals. you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed; nor shall you wear a garment made of two kinds of material. If a man lies carnally with a woman who is a slave girl, pledged to be married to another man, and not ransomed, or given her freedom; they shall be punished. They shall not be put to death, because she was not free. He shall bring his guilt offering to the Lord, to the entrance to the tent of meeting, a ram for a guilt offering. The priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the Lord for his sin which he has committed, and the sin which he has committed shall be forgiven him. When you come into the land, and have planted all kinds of trees for food, then you shall count their fruit as forbidden. Three years shall they be forbidden to you. It shall not be eaten. But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, for giving praise to the Lord. In the fifth year you shall eat its fruit, that it may yield its increase to you. I am the Lord your God. You shall not eat any meat with the blood still in it; nor shall you use enchantments, nor practice sorcery. You shall not cut the hair on the sides of your heads, nor shall you clip off the edge of your beard. You shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor tattoo any marks on you. I am the Lord. Do not profane your daughter, to make her a prostitute; lest the land fall to prostitution, and the land become full of wickedness. You shall keep my Sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary; I am the Lord. Do not turn to those who are mediums, nor to the wizards. Do not seek them out, to be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God. You shall rise up before the grayheaded, and honor the face of an old man, and you shall fear your God. I am the Lord. If a stranger lives as a foreigner with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong. The stranger who lives as a foreigner with you shall be to you as the native-born among you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you lived as foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in measures of length, of weight, or of quantity. Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall you have. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. You shall observe all my statutes, and all my ordinances, and do them. I am the Lord.'"

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