Reading 47/341, Numbers 28-30

[A] Today is a summary of all the feasts in Israel. Some of them are still celebrated today (like the Passover and the Day of Atonement), other feasts that are celebrated today did not come along until later (like Hanukkah).

...Numbers...

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Command the children of Israel, and tell them, ‘My offering, my food for my offerings made by fire, of a sweet savor to me, you shall be careful to offer to me in their due season.’ You shall tell them, ‘This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to the Lord: male lambs a year old without blemish, two day by day, for a continual burnt offering. The one lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb shall you offer at evening, and the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil. It is the continual burnt offering which was ordained on Mount Sinai for a sweet savor, an offering made by fire to the Lord. The drink offering of it shall be the fourth part of a hin for the one lamb, in the holy place shall you pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the Lord. The other lamb you shall offer at evening, as the grain offering of the morning, and as the drink offering of it, you shall offer it, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to the Lord. On the Sabbath day two male lambs a year old without blemish, and two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, and the drink offering of it. This is the burnt offering of every Sabbath, besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it.

At the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord, two young bulls, and one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish, and three tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull, and two tenth parts of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram, and a tenth part of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering for every lamb, for a burnt offering of sweet savor, an offering made by fire to the Lord. Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, and the third part of a hin for the ram, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year. Also, one male goat for a sin offering to the Lord; it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it.

In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is the Lord's Passover. On the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast, seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. On the first day, there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no servile work, but you shall offer an offering made by fire, a burnt offering to the Lord, two young bulls, and one ram, and seven male lambs a year old (see that they are without blemish), and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil, you shall offer three tenths for a bull, and two tenths for the ram; you shall offer a tenth for every lamb of the seven lambs, and one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you. You shall offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering. After this manner you shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of the offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to the Lord, it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it. On the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation, you shall do no servile work.

Also on the day of the first fruits, when you offer a new grain offering to the Lord in your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no servile work, but you shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savor to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old, and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths for each bull, two tenths for the one ram, a tenth for every lamb of the seven lambs. Also, one male goat, to make atonement for you. Besides the continual burnt offering, and the grain offering of it, you shall offer them (see that they are without blemish), and their drink offerings.

In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no servile work, it is a day of blowing of trumpets for you. You shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savor to the Lord: one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish, and their grain offering: fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths for the bull, two tenths for the ram, and one tenth for every lamb of the seven lambs. Also, one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you. This is all besides the burnt offering of the new moon, and the grain offering of it, and the continual burnt offering and the grain offering of it, and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, for a sweet savor, an offering made by fire to the Lord.

On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall afflict your souls, you shall do no manner of work, but you shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord for a sweet savor: one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old (see that they are without blemish), and their grain offering: fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths for the bull, two tenths for the one ram, a tenth for every lamb of the seven lambs. Also, one male goat for a sin offering, besides the sin offering of atonement, and the continual burnt offering, and the grain offering of it, and their drink offerings.

On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no servile work, and you shall keep a feast to the Lord for seven days, and you shall offer a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to the Lord: thirteen young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old (see that they are without blemish), and their grain offering: fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths for every bull of the thirteen bulls, two tenths for each ram of the two rams, and a tenth for every lamb of the fourteen lambs. Also, one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, the grain offering of it, and the drink offering of it.

On the second day: twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish, and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, and the grain offering of it, and their drink offerings.

On the third day: eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish, and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, and the grain offering of it, and the drink offering of it.

On the fourth day: ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish, their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, the grain offering of it, and the drink offering of it.

On the fifth day: nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish, and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, and the grain offering of it, and the drink offering of it.

On the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish, and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, the grain offering of it, and the drink offerings of it.

On the seventh day: seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish, and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, the grain offering of it, and the drink offering of it.

On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly. You shall do no servile work, but you shall offer a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to the Lord: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish; their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bull, for the ram, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, and the grain offering of it, and the drink offering of it.

These you shall offer to the Lord in your set feasts, besides your vows, and your freewill offerings, for your burnt offerings, and for your grain offerings, and for your drink offerings, and for your peace offerings. Moses told the children of Israel according to all that the Lord commanded Moses.

Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, saying, “This is the thing which the Lord has commanded. When a man vows a vow to the Lord, or swears an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word. He shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth. Also, when a woman vows a vow to the Lord, and binds herself by a bond, being in her father's house, in her youth, and her father hears her vow, and her bond with which she has bound her soul, and her father holds his peace toward her, then all her vows shall stand, and every bond with which she has bound her soul shall stand. But if her father disallows her on the day that he hears of it, none of her vows, or of her bonds with which she has bound her soul, shall stand, and the Lord will forgive her, because her father disallowed her. If she is married to a husband, while her vows are on her, or the rash utterance of her lips, with which she has bound her soul, and her husband hears of it, and holds his peace toward her on the day that he hears of it, then her vows shall stand, and her bonds with which she has bound her soul shall stand, but if her husband disallows her in the day that he hears of it, then he shall make void her vow which is on her, and the rash utterance of her lips, with which she has bound her soul, and the Lord will forgive her. As for the vow of a widow, or of a woman who is divorced, everything with which she has bound her soul, shall stand against her. If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath, and her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and did not disallow her, then all her vows shall stand, and every bond with which she bound her soul shall stand, but if her husband made them null and void on the day that he heard them, then whatever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband has made them void, and the Lord will forgive her. Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void. If her husband altogether holds his peace toward her from day to day, then he establishes all her vows, or all her bonds, which are on her. He has established them, because he held his peace toward her on the day that he heard them. If he shall make them null and void after he has heard them, then he shall bear her iniquity. These are the statutes, which the Lord commanded Moses, between a man and his wife and between a father and his daughter, being in her youth, in her father's house.

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